5 List of Sophisticated Tanks of the BRICS Alliance Countries, Mainstay of Each Country During the War

International Military - BRICS is an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, one of the world's economic powers. BRICS exists to promote peace, security, development and cooperation.

The BRICS from the start had a positive effect on the international system and individual BRICS countries emerged as a new economic power. In 2010, China became the second largest economy in the world. The BRICS also reflects a separate military power, because it has independence and modern weaponry.

The following is a list of the 5 mainstay tanks of the BRICS countries

1. Brazilian Osorio Tank

Brazilian Osorio Tank
Brazilian Osorio Tank

The Osorio main battle tank was developed in the mid-1980s by Engesa for the Brazilian Army and for export. A total of two prototypes have been built, the first prototype was completed in 1985 and the second prototype in 1986.

The Osorio tank, which has a displacement of 43 tons, is specially designed to accommodate infrastructure conditions in Brazil. The Osorio tank was armed with the more powerful French GIAT G1 120 mm smoothbore gun, but its ammunition was reduced to 38 rounds. The EE-T1's secondary armament consists of two 7.62 mm machine guns. One of them is installed coaxially, while the other is placed on the roof.

The Osorio tank is capable of carrying a crew of four, consisting of commander, gunner, loader and driver. Overall the Osorio tank design was a success, but lack of funds prevented the Brazilian Army from fulfilling an order for 300 units. Eventually the Osorio tank project was abandoned and Engesa went bankrupt.

2. Russian T-90S Tank

Russian T-90S Tank
Russian T-90S Tank

The T-90S main battle tank (MBT) is an advanced version of Russia's T-series tanks, offering increased firepower, mobility and protection. The T-90S tank is produced by Uralvagonzavod, a Russian original equipment manufacturer, in Nizhny Tagil, Russia. The T-90S tank entered service with the Russian Army in 1992.

Armament of the T-90S tank is one 125mm two-axis stabilized 2A46M smoothbore gun equipped with a thermal sleeve. The T-90S cannon can also fire the 9M119 Refleks (NATO designation AT-11 Sniper) anti-tank guided missile system.

The gun fire range of this tank is 100 to 4,000 meters and takes 11.7 seconds to reach maximum range. A coaxial 7.62mm PKT machine gun and a 12.7mm air defense machine gun were also installed. A 5.45mm AKS-74 assault rifle carried in a storage rack.

The T-90S tank is one of Russia's mainstay tanks in the war against Ukraine.

3. Indian Arjun Mk-I Tank

Indian Arjun Mk-I Tank
Indian Arjun Mk-I Tank

The Arjun main battle tank was developed by the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), for the Indian Army.

The Arjun tank is designed to the Indian Army's most stringent specifications, a state-of-the-art design with a reliable and effective weapon system to face the various threats of modern warfare.

The main armament is the 120mm gun along with the newly developed FSAPDS super ammunition to penetrate any armor used in the tank. A coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun for anti-personnel targets and a 12.7 mm machine gun for anti-aircraft and ground targets have been provided as secondary weapons.

The Arjun tank is equipped with an electro slag-refined gun steel tube automatically to withstand higher gas pressures. The thermal jacket prevents irregular temperature distribution over the drum due to weather effects. The Arjun tank weighs 58,500 kg and is capable of traveling at a maximum speed of 70 km/h on the highway with a range of 450 km.

4. Chinese Type 99 Tank

Chinese Type 99 Tank
Chinese Type 99 Tank

The Chinese Type 99 main battle tank is a further development of the Type 98 main battle tank. It is generally similar to the Type 98, but has a number of improvements. The Type 99 tank was revealed in 2000 and entered service with the Chinese Army in 2001.

Currently the Type 99 tank is China's most advanced main battle tank. This main battle tank shows a mix of Russian and Western influence in its design and technology. Some sources report that a total of 600 Type 99 tanks were produced.

The Type 99 MBT featured improved armor protection and the turret had additional wedge-shaped explosive reactive armor like the Leopard 2A5 tank. The main battle tank is equipped with a unique active laser protection system to jam laser or infrared missile guidance signals. This active laser protection system can also be used against helicopters.

The Type 99 tank is armed with a 125 mm ZPT98 stabilized smoothbore gun, equipped with a carousel-type autoloader. The Type 99 has a rate of fire of 8 rpm using the autoloader and 1-2 rpm manual loading. The Type 99 tank has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver.

5. South African Mk1B Olifant Tank

South African Mk1B Olifant Tank
South African Mk1B Olifant Tank

The Olifant mk1B main battle tank is developed and manufactured by South Africa-based Olifant Manufacturing Company, OMC Engineering. Development of the Olifant tank began in 1976 and it first entered service with the South African Armored Corps in the late 1970s.

The Olifant mk1B main battle tank is armed with a 105mm L7 main gun. The gun on the mk1B is equipped with a thermal sleeve for continuous fire accuracy. The Mk1B carries 68 rounds of 105mm ammunition.

The Olifant tank is equipped with a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and a 7.62 mm anti-aircraft machine gun. The driver's station is equipped with day and night sights and the gunner's station is equipped with day and night sights and an integrated laser rangefinder.

The Olifant tank is capable of reaching a maximum road speed of 58km/h and the maximum range on internal fuel is 350km. The Olifant tank can also wade through water up to 1.5 meters deep.

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