UN Ends Iraq's Obligation to Pay Victims of the 1990 Invasion of Kuwait


UN Ends Iraq's Obligation to Pay Victims of the 1990 Invasion of Kuwait
A worker pulls a cart in the Shorja market of Baghdad, Iraq, Sunday, Feb. 20, 2022. (AP Photo/Hadi Mizban)

United Nations -The UN Security Council on Tuesday eventually unanimously suggested to end Iraq's demand to compensate victims of its 1990 irruption of Kuwait, with Baghdad having paid further than$ 50 billion to1.5 million heirs. 

Michael Gaffey, Ireland's minister to the United Nations in Geneva and chairman of the governing board of the United Nations Compensation Commission, whose fund decides on the claims, told the council after the vote that the agency's work was a" major achievement for the United Nations and for effective multilateralism."

“ Eventually, the2.7 million claims made to the commission seeking$ 352 billion in compensation,” he said, and the$52.4 billion awarded to the1.5 million complainants “ represented about 15 of the total claims.” 

Under a Security Council resolution espoused in April 1991 after the US- led coalition expelled Saddam Hussein's forces and delivered Kuwait in the first Gulf War, Iraq is needed to set aside a chance of its canvas exports to fund war victims' compensation. conflict. 

That share was 5 in 2013, when the council suggested to end possible military enforcement of some of the conditions assessed on Iraq after the irruption in recognition of advanced relations with Kuwait. The position reached 3 for Iraq's final payments on January 13. 

Gaffey said the governing council espoused a final decision on February 9 stating that the Iraqi government has fulfilled its transnational scores to compensate for losses and damages suffered as a direct result of the unauthorized irruption of Kuwait. 

He said the fund's operation board gave precedence to claims by individualities who were forced to leave Iraq or Kuwait, to those who suffered injuries or whose consorts, children or parents failed, or who suffered particular losses of over to$. He said this philanthropic decision"marks a significant step in the elaboration of the practice of transnational claims."

But there are also companies and businesses that admit backing. The Kuwait Petroleum Corporation managed to claim$14.7 billion in canvas product and deals losses due to the damage to the country's canvas fields during the 1990-1991 irruption and occupation of Iraq. 

The Security Council resolution espoused on Tuesday affirms that Iraq has fulfilled its transnational scores, that"Iraq is no longer needed to deposit a chance of proceeds from import deals of petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas into the fund,"and that the commission's claims process"It's now complete and final and no farther claims will be made to the commission."

The council ended the commission's accreditation under a 1991 resolution and ordered it to settle undetermined matters so that it can be closed by the end of 2022. 

Iraqi Foreign Minister Fuad Hussein told the council that his country had completed"an important chapter of 30 times and started a new chapter in its politic, political and profitable trip."

"This will be an period with a more prominent indigenous and transnational part, commensurable with the literal and artistic significance of Iraq for the region and the world, an period in which Iraq will be an active member committed to the bournes and pretensions of the transnational community,"he said. 

Kuwaiti Ambassador Mansour Al-Otaibi ate the relinquishment of the resolution and hailed the" major achievement by the council with respect to its work on compensation."

"We're completely apprehensive that the purpose of compensation isn't to discipline the raider, but to insure responsibility"and hold the raider responsible for damages and bring" confidence to the government and affected individualities,"he said. 

Al-Otaibi said the world shouldn't forget that establishing compensation and prostrating the impact of aggression “ is the key to erecting trust, conciliation and resolving remaining problems that may in the future hamper the restoration and forging of relations and achieving common interests. the state concerned."

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