The Strength of the Russian Navy's Submarine Combat Fleet Which Has Dozens of Submarines

The Strength of the Russian Navy's Submarine Combat Fleet Which Has Dozens of Submarines
The Strength of the Russian Navy's Submarine Combat Fleet Which Has Dozens of Submarines

- Russia is one of the most powerful militaries in the world. Russia's military combat power is often juxtaposed with the US and China.

It is undeniable that the Russian military is equipped with various highly qualified defense equipment. The existence of a capable defense equipment clearly adds to the strength of the Russian military. It also shows that the Russian military has a modern defense industry. With the existence of an advanced defense industry, it will obviously increase Russia's military strength.

Quoted from, the Russian Navy is said to have about 60 submarines. Submarines owned by the Russian Navy are divided into several types.

So what are the types of submarines owned by the Russian Navy. To find out, see the following:

Ballistic Missile Submarine (SSBN)

As part of the strategic nuclear triad, the core of the Russian Navy's previous SSBN forces were the Project 941 Akula Typhoon-class submarines. However, this submarine has now been retired.

Currently, the SSBN fleet has 12 submarines: one Delta III, five Delta IV, one Typhoon class (used as a test platform, to be disposed of after 2025) and five new Borei class submarines.

K-535 Yuriy Dolgorukiy is the flagship of the Borei class submarines. Construction began in November 1996, but due to budgetary and technical problems, it was not until February 2008 that the ship was launched and in January 2013.

The submarine joins the Russian Navy's Northern Fleet. After that, the Russian Navy operated the ships Alesander Nevsky and Vladimir Monomakh in the Pacific Fleet.

The fourth ship, the Knyaz Vladimir, entered service in June 2020 as part of the Northern Fleet. The Borei-class submarines are smaller than their predecessors in size and crew, but can carry the same number of missiles. The ship has a length of 170m, a diameter of 13m, a crew of 107 people, including 55 officers. With the ability to dive to a maximum depth of 450m and a maximum dive speed of 29 knots.

The submarine carries 16 Bulava-M SS-NX-30 intercontinental ballistic missiles, each with 10 nuclear warheads. And is aimed at independent targets and has a range of 8,000 kilometers. Thus, the ship can operate thousands of kilometers from the coast in any weather conditions.

Nuclear powered attack submarine (SSN)

The SSN can be equipped with missiles with tactical or low-yield nuclear warheads. In addition to the traditional task of detecting, identifying and destroying enemy submarines and surface ships.

The SSN fleet also carries out strategic strikes against ground targets, covertly reconnaissance and surveillance operations in coastal areas, transporting and withdrawing special forces teams.

The Russian Navy's SSN fleet currently has 15 submarines: two Sierra II, two Victor III, and the remaining eleven are of the Akula Class. The Russian-built Akula-class ships are considered the best, quietest, fastest and most modern stealth submarines serving in the Russian navy.

Their combat capability is even higher than that of most modern American SSNs. However, the future of the Russian navy's SSN forces is the Yasen submarine of Project 885, a fourth-generation model that combines extremely powerful anti-submarine and anti-ship capabilities.

With a weapons capability of ten torpedo tubes and eight vertical launch systems for 32 Kalibr land attack cruise missiles or 24 P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship missiles. This class of submarine has a very large firepower compared to other submarines in its class

The Yasen can strike ground targets with cruise missiles capable of delivering tactical nuclear warheads with a range of about 5,000 km. Overall, ships of this class have demonstrated the ability to be "stealth" in front of NATO detection systems. It is expected that the Russian Navy will have at least 9 Yasen submarines by 2030.

Diesel-electric submarines (SSK)

The Russian Navy's conventional diesel-electric submarine fleet consists of about 22 submarines. And most of them are Kilo Class and Kilo Upgrade and one submarine of Lada class.

Upgraded Kilo Class Submarines are quite modern, renowned for their quiet running ability and high combat effectiveness. Like most submarines in the world, the diesel-electric submarines of the Russian Navy are also equipped with torpedoes and cruise missiles.

And the most famous is the VA-111 Shkval Supercavitating torpedo made by the Tactical Missiles Corporation. This is a torpedo capable of moving towards enemy targets at very high speed (over 200 knots).

In air bubble bags created by assemblies mounted on the front of the torpedo. nose. This reduces the impact force and resistance caused by the water, thus enabling very high speeds.

This extraordinary feature makes the torpedo no different from an underwater bullet, with this version of the torpedo being able to be equipped with a tactical nuclear warhead.

In terms of cruise missiles, the best known is the 3M-54 Kalibr series, manufactured by the Novator Design Bureau, known in Russia as the Kalibr and named Club on the export market. The 3M54E1 version of the missile has a three-stage design, a cruise speed of about 850 km/h, and is accelerated to Mach 2 in the terminal attack stage.

The Russian submarine fleet patrols the world's seas and oceans. Russian submarine technology is also being sought by many countries to build modern ships for themselves.

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